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|Numerical Recipes in Fortran 77 - The Art of Scientific Computing||William H. Press, Brian P. Flannery, Saul A. Teukolsky, William T. Vetterling|
|Numerical Recipes in Fortran 90 - The Art of Scientific Parallel Computing||William H. Press, Brian P. Flannery, Saul A. Teukolsky, William T. Vetterling|
|Professional Programmer's Guide to Fortran 77||Clive G. Page|
FORTRAN) is a general-purpose, procedural, imperative programming
language that is especially suited to numeric computation and
scientific computing. Originally developed by IBM in the 1950s for
scientific and engineering applications, Fortran came to dominate this
area of programming early on and has been in continual use in
computationally intensive areas such as climate modeling, computational
fluid dynamics (CFD), computational physics, and computational
chemistry for half a century.
Fortran (an acronym derived from The IBM Mathematical Formula Translating System) encompasses a lineage of versions, each of which evolved to add extensions to the language while retaining compatibility with previous versions. Successive versions have added support for processing of character-based data (FORTRAN 77), array programming, module-based programming and object-based programming (Fortran 90/95), and object-oriented and generic programming (Fortran 2003).